2024 Update: Comprehensive Guide to Federal Tax Credits for Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles in the U.S.

The landscape of federal tax incentives for electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrids in the United States has undergone significant changes in 2024. The Inflation Reduction Act, signed into law in 2022, has reshaped these incentives with a focus on promoting domestic production. As a result, over 50% of the EVs and plug-in hybrids that qualified for federal tax credits in 2023 no longer do so in 2024, with the list of qualifying vehicles dropping from 43 to 19.

Key Changes and Requirements:

Domestic Production Emphasis: The Act mandates that the final assembly of qualifying vehicles must occur in North America. This requirement has impacted several foreign automakers.

Rising Standards for Critical Components: The percentage of domestically produced or sourced critical minerals for EV batteries must be at least 50% in 2024, up from 40% in 2023. Similarly, the requirement for domestic battery component production has increased from 50% to 60%.

Shift in Tax Credit Mechanism: Previously claimed during tax filings, the tax credit is now applied directly at the point of sale, reducing the vehicle’s purchase price immediately.

List of Qualifying Vehicles for 2024:


Bolt EV and Bolt EUV (Model Years 2022-2023) are eligible for the full $7,500 tax credit. The MSRP limit for these models is $55,000.


F-150 Lightning (both extended and standard range battery) qualifies for the full $7,500 credit with an MSRP limit of $80,000 for trucks.


The lineup includes R1S and R1T models with various battery packs, all qualifying for the tax credit. However, staying within the $80,000 MSRP cap might be challenging for some trims.


Model 3 Performance qualifies for the full $7,500 tax credit with a $55,000 MSRP limit.

Model X Long Range and Model Y (all-wheel drive, performance, and rear-wheel drive) also qualify, with a higher MSRP limit of $80,000 due to their classification as SUVs.

Plug-in Hybrids Qualifying for Tax Credit:

Chrysler Pacifica PHEV (2022-2024): Eligible for the full $7,500 tax credit with an $80,000 limit.

Ford Escape Plug-in Hybrid (2022-2024): Qualifies for a partial credit of $3,750.

Jeep Vehicles:

Grand Cherokee PHEV 4xe and Wrangler PHEV 4xe (2022-2024) qualify for a partial credit of $3,750 with an $80,000 limit.

Lincoln Corsair Grand Touring (2022-2024): Also eligible for a $3,750 credit with an $80,000 cap.

Additional Considerations and Eligibility Criteria:

The tax credit is non-refundable and cannot be carried over to future years.

There are income limits for individual eligibility, with caps at $300,000 for married couples filing jointly, $225,000 for heads of household, and $150,000 for other filers.

The vehicle must be new at the time of purchase, and the credit cannot be transferred.

The tax credit now benefits all income levels, as there's no minimum income requirement to qualify.

These changes, while aimed at boosting domestic EV and battery production, present challenges for both manufacturers and consumers. The industry professionals have expressed concerns about the stringent and aggressive timeline for compliance. For potential buyers, staying informed about the evolving list of qualifying vehicles and understanding the nuances of the new tax credit mechanism is crucial.


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